EXPERIMENTS
farmbot

What is it for?

Innovation that allows you to independently control, from your own mobile, your garden. A tool that saves time and effort, and makes it easier for anyone -old people for example- to have their own garden, and also produce their own food and consequently be more self-sustaining, by consuming fresh and local products on their own. around his house. Unlike the conventional orchard, the robot performs all the functions that a human would do: sow, water, remove weeds and analyze the quality of the soil through sensors, and the evolution of the plant through photographs .


What technology do you use?

The FarmBot is a CNC (Computer Numeric Controlled) robot that works on the 3 Cartesian axes (X, Y and Z) to mobilize on the crop and perform its tasks. Its operating system is developed to run on a Raspberry Pi (Linux Open Source) which is the central brain of the FarmBot, and connects to a FarmDuino board which is the one that interconnects all the engines, tools, sensors, camera and other attachments. All FarmBot programming works on a platform that makes the G-Code that controls it work in a very user friendly way, without the need to know code or programming, as it works in a very intuitive way . All the technology used by the FarmBot is Open Source, so anyone can build it, modify it and even improve it with new additions or features. This can work even with solar panels and rainwater, which would make it totally sustainable.


How will it benefit people?

-Reduction of effort and time saving; compared to the traditional orchard.
-Reduction of water expenditure: the Farmbot uses only the necessary and in the exact place of the plant.
-Higher quality local products thanks to the fact that they will be grown in your home environment.
-Faster in the growth of the crops by means of the exhaustive study of each crop.
-Real-time analysis of the quality of the land and the plant itself. The analyzes of the highest productivity, the reports of the best quality of the land, the times of irrigation and the growth of the agricultural products will be public.
-New local agricultural products, with more competitive prices for the customer.
-Less pollution by eliminating transport from other countries.
-Possibility of new jobs, cultivating products hitherto unusual in the village.
-Attraction of more tourists for the sale of local products; us.

We are currently experimenting with the cultivation of different types of plants, applying different cultivation strategies, having 6 samples of each of the plants to apply 3 different strategies, one for each pair of plants, with higher and lower amounts of water per thus evaluating the optimization of resources in the cultivation of them. This will give us for the future a database with relevant information for the crops of the region. We are also experimenting with the association of crops to optimize their collaboration and performance between them, and later we intend to do the same with their rotation.

Powar

What is it for?

Powar is a climate condition simulator, designed to experiment with growing plants, in different climatic conditions than usual. It is designed as a tool for small farmers, which will allow them to prepare for the different climate changes that will occur in each region. It is created under the premise that if today there are already predictions of what the climates of some regions will be in 20 years, predictions that say that London may have the climate of Barcelona; how can we then begin to experiment with the plants we currently plant, with possible future climates? This is an idea of ​​Pablo Zuloaga, also in collaboration with the Itinerarium Foundation, which aims to make small farmers more resilient to the climate change of the future, but which is being designed as an element of STEM education for be used in different schools around the world, and thus also reduce the distance of technological knowledge between rural and urban inhabitants in the world. Helping them in this way to improve their quality of life, while educating and raising awareness about climate change.

http://academany.fabcloud.io/fabacademy/2020/labs/barcelona/students/pabzul/finalproject.html


What technology do you use?

Powar is designed with 100% Open Source technology. Its main system is mounted on a Barduino board designed at FabLab Barcelona, ​​which could be replaced in the future by a NODE MCU ESP32 dev board, which includes WiFi and Bluetooth. This development board is connected to a shield or board, designed specifically for the Powar, which allows you to connect all the sensors of earth humidity, LDS / light, DHT11 / 22 (air temperature and humidity) and actors such as the water pump, fans, peltier plate (temperature control) and light (Adafruit Neopixel). This works with either 5V or 12V depending on the power of the pump, fan and others that are used.
Its platform is currently mounted on a Node-Network Dashboard on a Raspberry Pi, which can also be on a computer, and connects to the machine via MQTT protocols, and also connects to a Weather API to download in real time weather information in different parts of the world. Its structure is made by means of acrylic laser cutting, 3D printing and wood cutting with CNC so that everyone can make it.


How will it benefit people?

EDUCATION:

Due to its easy manufacture, it works as a STEAM education element for children. Children can learn about biology, science, climate change, physics, math, engineering, basic electronics and programming through it. It is easy to produce and low cost to make it more accessible.

It reduces the distance of technological learning in less favored areas. It teaches children in rural areas new technologies that they can later apply to their families’ crops through sensors and process automation to make them more productive.

RURAL POPULATION:

-Anticipate the effect of climate change on their crops. Experience how your plants will work with other climates.
-Find the optimal way of cultivation of each plant according to certain characteristics.

-Test of forced adaptation of plants for new climates.

-Greater productivity of cultivated products.

-Possible acceleration of the cultivation process.

-A global database, generated for the future by the different users of the machine in the world.

-Avoid depopulation due to climatic effects that affect crops and quality of life.

URBAN POPULATION:

-The possibility of growing plants and food at home, without the need for outside light.

-Autonomous systems of small-scale plant cultivation.

Smart bee panel

What is it for?

The Open Source Beehives (OSBH) project is a global network of citizen scientists that analyzes the decline in bee declining and pollinators. Sensor-enhanced open source hives study the health of bee colonies worldwide. OSBH’s main goal is to connect the beekeeping and scientific communities through the common goal of good data acquisition. OSBH also aims to determine the cause (s) of the decline of bees and identify good beekeeping practices and also encourage citizens to participate in the process of supporting bee health.

https://fablabbcn.org/projects/osbh-open-source-beehives


What technology do you use?

The OSBH is basically a wooden hive, which anyone can make in a CNC or MakerSpace, and which is used for research on the behavior of bees in different environments.

OSBH has developed several sensor kits (the “Buzzbox”), which allows users to monitor bee colony information and upload the data to the Smart Citizen platform. The sensor kit uses the latest neural network technologies to apply to hive logs and sensor measurements to detect the overall health of hives, indicating to beekeepers any potential issues that need to be addressed to protect the colony. The “Buzzbox” is basically a box that integrates into these hives, and that serves to feel what is happening inside it, and all this information connects it directly to a mobile APP to make it accessible to the user.


How will it benefit people?

-Greater understanding of the behavior of bees in the area.

-Protection of bees as major plant pollinators.

-Analysis of the effect of bees on the ecosystem of the area.

-Experimentation on beekeeping in the area, as a new form of agriculture.

-Greater honey consumption, and the possibility of improving the business with this product.

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